• That is, by trapping a charge of approximately 100 electrons in the oxide insulator nanolaminate layers of the transistor cell, having dimensions of 0.1 ??m (10???5 cm) by 0.1 ??m, will raise the threshold voltage of the transistor cell to 1.0 Volt and a 1.0 Volt control gate potential will not be sufficient to turn the device on, e.g. Vt=1.0 V, I=0. [0092] Conversely, if the nominal threshold vol